Dengue – A Quick Overview

Symptoms in Various Dengue Disease Conditions

DF(Dengue Fever) Ordinary DHF (Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever) Fatal DSS (Dengue Shock s yndrome) Fatal
  • High fever
  • Rash
  • Severe headache
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Possibly more frequently seen in children and young adults
  • Similar onset as DF and the complications usually starts when fever subsides
  • Facial flush
  • Haemorrhagic phenomena, such as bruises, blood in stools, gingival bleeding and the like
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Signs of circulatory failure.
  • Often develops from DHF
  • Similar onset as DF
  • Patients deteriorate after a few days of fever
  • Cold clammy skin
  • Low pulse pressure
  • Repeated fainting
  • Encephalopathy
  • Coma
Need for the differentiation of primary and secondary infection in Degue
Secondary dengue virus infections are risk factors for DHF/dengue shock syndrome which can be fatal whereas primary infections are not only gives Dengue fever (DF) hence it is important to distinguish between primary infection and secondary infection.